Periodontal Disease


periodontal disease at Encino Cosmetic Dentistry
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a common oral health issue. It is the chronic inflammation of your gum tissue. Periodontal disease can also affect your periodontal ligaments and your jawbone, leading to serious complications including tooth loss. When periodontal disease has developed, Encino Cosmetic Dentistry is here to help.

Causes of Periodontal Disease

There are several different factors that can lead to periodontal disease. These factors include:
•  Poor oral hygiene. Ignoring any part of your oral hygiene routine, whether you skip out on the occasional brushing session, neglect to floss or your teeth, or avoid routine dental cleanings and exams, can greatly increase your risk for periodontal disease.
•  Poorly aligned teeth. Crooked teeth are more difficult to clean, leaving areas of your mouth that can easily accumulate plaque and bacteria.
•  Dry mouth. Also called xerostomia, dry mouth is a condition in which your mouth does not have enough saliva in it. Your saliva helps to kill and wash away bacteria. When your mouth is dry, though, it becomes a more hospitable environment for bacterial growth. Dry mouth has many causes, including alcohol use and certain types of medications.
•  Tobacco use. Cigarettes and other tobacco products slow your blood flow, which slows the delivery of essential nutrients to your gums. These products also affect your immune system, making it harder for your body to fight infections.
•  Hormonal changes. Changes in your hormones, which typically occur during pregnancy or menopause, can affect your immune system, leaving you more vulnerable.
•  Lacking certain nutrients. Your body, including your gums, requires many different nutrients to function properly. If you lack nutrients, you become more susceptible to infections.

How Periodontal Disease Progresses

Periodontal disease first begins as the result of a bacterial infection. Bacteria in your mouth irritate your gums, causing them to become red. This irritation triggers an inflammatory response from your immune system, which causes the gums to swell. This early stage is the most easily treated, but the most difficult to detect. Swollen tissues begin to pull away from your teeth, causing pockets to form between the gums and your teeth. Bacteria fall into these pockets. They continue to attack your gums, which causes the pockets to become deeper. Eventually, the bacteria reach the periodontal ligaments and your jawbone, causing these supporting structures to become weaker. Over time, your teeth become loose and may even fall out.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

There are many symptoms of periodontal disease, which vary based on how advanced the condition is. Symptoms include:
•  Gums that are red and swollen.
•  Bleeding when you brush and floss.
•  Gum recession.
•  Small spaces appearing between your teeth.
•  Tooth sensitivity.
•  Chronic bad breath, or halitosis.
•  Loose teeth.
•  Tooth loss.

Treatment Options for Periodontal Disease

There are a variety of different treatment options for periodontal disease. The treatment you receive depends upon how advanced your condition is. Treatments include:
•  Prophylaxis. This is a regular cleaning, which can often help to stop the earliest stage of periodontal disease, also called gingivitis.
•  Scaling and root planing, or deep cleaning of the surfaces of your teeth both above and below the gumline.
•  Pocket reduction surgery, which is performed to clean your teeth when your periodontal pockets are too deep.
•  Osseous surgery. This procedure is performed when bacteria have caused bony defects in your jawbone. The procedure smooths your jawbone while also cleaning the surfaces of your teeth.
•  Soft tissue grafting. A soft tissue graft restores a healthy gumline following gum recession.
•  Bone grafts. A bone graft is performed when your jawbone has lost too much mass. It is often performed when your jawbone is too weak to provide support for dental implants following tooth loss.

When periodontal disease develops, treatment is needed right away. For more information, and to schedule your appointment, call Encino Cosmetic Dentistry today at (818) 783-0408.

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PHONE
(818) 783-0408

EMAIL
denise@encinocosmeticdentistry.com

LOCATION
16861 Ventura Blvd #204
Encino, CA 91436


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